Category: Legal

3 Types of Offenses in Canada

In different countries, classification of criminal offences may be different from others, and so are their penalties and punishments. In Canada, there are 3 over-arching types of criminal offences and criminal lawyers Toronto specialize in any of these fields. These over-arching categorization of offences dictate, to some degree, the punishment.  It’s akin to the USA categorization of “misdemeanor” and “felony” offences.

Before moving on to the classifications, make sure you hired the best lawyer who can address the nature and severity of the offence on you. For example, if you’ve been charged with domestic assault, you can contact Brian Domestic Assault Law firm for best defence.

Teen-Driver.jpg (700×448)

Here are the 3 main classifications in a nutshell:

  1. Summary Conviction offence

An offence that is not as serious as an indictable offence.  Summary offences are usually tried in the lower courts (provincial) and have a less complicated process and lesser sentence or punishment.  An example of a summary conviction offence would be trespassing.

  1. Indictable offence

This is more serious charge than a summary offence.  Indictable offences are generally heard by a judge and jury in the higher courts and the sentence tends to be heavier than sentences for a summary conviction offence.  An example of an indictable offence would be murder.

  1. Hybrid offences

A hybrid offence is an offence that could go either way.  It could be tried as a summary conviction (summarily) or as an indictable offence (by indictment).  It is up to the prosecutor (crown counsel) to choose how it will charge the individual.  Hybrid offences generally fall in between summary convictions and indictable offences in terms of seriousness and in Canada the majority of criminal charges tend to be classified as hybrid offences.  Examples of a hybrid offence would be impaired driving.

Legal Processes

In case you’re arrested;

  • The paperwork will be completed by the prosecutor or Crown Counsel
  • The paperwork will be handed over to you or your criminal defence lawyer Toronto

This paperwork is also known as “Disclosure. Some people call it “the information” document. It reveals the type of charges you’ve been accused of, whether summary offence or indictable offence. Even if what you’re charged with is a “hybrid” offence, the Information will set out whether the prosecutor is proceeding with your charge “summarily” or as an “indictable” offence.

Tip from the Pros

Sometimes, people chose to hire the lawyer after being provided with the paperwork by the prosecutor. If you belong to this category, and are looking for a Toronto criminal defense lawyer:

  1. When you schedule your consultation, it’s a good idea to take your paperwork with you so the lawyer with whom you consult can review the particulars, and
  2. Take you through the type of offence you’re facing as well as provide your rights and/or legal defences going forward.


Knowing the law is really important and there is no excuse if you violate any rules and regulations just because you don’t know them. With all the basic information available here, now all you need is, find the right lawyer to represent you in the court.

Tips For Hiring The Best Private Investigator

Life is unpredictable and you got to be prepared for everything in life. You never know when you will need the services of a private investigator. Your investigation has to be powerful enough to fetch you the information that you have wanted for. Thus, you have to be choosy before you hire a private investigator. There is Investigation Hotline that can help you to get the best private investigator. However, we present you 5 effective tips for hiring private Investigator:

Must possess a License:

Ensure that the private examiner you are procuring is authorized to work. Authorizing is required in many States to protect the consumer. This prevents the individuals from becoming an investigator all by themselves without any degree or training. A license is guaranteed to only those investigators who have fulfilled all the criteria of becoming an investigator.

Must be Insured:

Ensure the private specialist organization is insured or are bonded.  The organization necessities differ from state to state however the agency must be insured irrespective of the state they are operating from.   An appropriately safeguarded or fortified organization will guarantee and ensure you in the event of any mishap. Whether it is carelessness, mistakes or oversights or even harm to one’s property, a legitimately guaranteed or reinforced organization will shield both the buyer from claims and the office from obligation. Contact Private Investigators Toronto !

Select the niche:

Get some information about the offices/agents experienced in your kind of case. A ton of Private Investigation Agencies spend significant time in a specific part of examinations, while others have some expertise in a wide range of sections of private Investigations. Ensure the PI you are contracting is knowledgeable in the field that you require.

Compare the charges:

Comprehend the charges and installment courses of action before you employ the examiner. A private investigation organization ought to have the capacity to give you a nearby gauge to the charges that will be included in your case.  You can also ask them about the number of days required to solve the case. Check if there are any other additional charges to be paid.

 Tools and equipment:

In today’s continually changing innovative world, having the most recent innovation can mean the distinction in winning and losing a case. The innovation that the private specialist as well as private investigation agency can make a lot of difference.  Are they a low tech, out-dated PI who relies on his helpful dandy note pad and “road smarts”? Then again, is the agent you are going to enlist furnished with the most recent tablets with portable broadband, satellite photography programming, and individuals from expansive Internet databases? Having the right gear to carry out the occupation is essential when your case is on the line.

These 5 tips are the essential tips that can help you in finding out the best private investigator from the lot. You can directly approach Toronto Private Investigator to handle your case as they are more experienced.

Seeking A Degree In Law? Here’s What You Should Do

Are you interested in becoming a criminal lawyer? Do you have the abilities and a background? Criminal law is just like any field of science: there is a lot of scope and exposure, and the possibilities are endless. The field requires more of a practical exposure than theoretical knowledge. The reason is, nothing stays constant when it comes to law. It changes with time and there are lots of possibilities in every case.  If you want to opt for the career in law, you need to understand its essentials.

Are you familiar with the procedures of registration? Do you have the competence? Do you know which college offers best courses and studies according to the field you selected? There are plenty of things to consider before even considering this option. You need to make sure you have the capability, which means, you have the qualification and scores to get enlisted. Then, you need to do your research regarding the law firms and professional lawyers in your area. If you reside in Toronto, think about the Toronto criminal law firm that offers best services. For example, if you’re charged with assault,Jeffrey Assaut Lawyer can help you through the procedure with utmost ease.

Start with yourself and follow these steps to identify the situations in which you consider yourself the best.

Get Bachelor’s Degree with Pre-Law Major

Bachelor’s degree is the primary requirement and most law schools require it. Alternatively, you should have completed 90 credit hours (equivalent to three years) for a similar degree, before entering any law school. In Canada, education is regulated by provinces, not by national authorities. Some colleges and law schools are recognized by government and they follow certain quality standards to ensure quality education at all levels. You can find the list of accredited law schools on government owned sites. Make sure you qualify their requirement because each of them have different standards for undergraduate education.

Aptitude Test

Moving on, you have to clear the law-school test in order to be accepted by the law school. The test is based on basic knowledge and skills. Good thing is, the test is standardized for all law schools. It means, by clearing this test, you will be partly eligible to enter any law school in your country. The rest depends upon your education and credit hours.

Enter Law School

The next step is to enter a law school in your area, or anywhere else in the country. Here are few tips to follow:

  • View the law school guide to find out about the application procedures in the law school where you intend to register yourself.
  • It depends upon your choice whether you would opt for Civil Law or Common law. Here, identify the place where you want to excel as a lawyer then you should register yourself at the law school in the same place. If your dream is to become a criminal defense lawyer Toronto, you can find the law school in Toronto, Ontario.

Complete the Course

Now, all you need is to complete the Bar Admission Course that consists of the following online self-study course:

  • Wills and Estate
  • Business Law
  • Real Estate
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Criminal Law
  • Family Law
  • Constitutional Law

Each of these subjects consists of two licensing exams based on your studies and open-book.

All The Information About The Criminal Lawyer

Why need criminal lawyers?

People who have been arrested or charged with any kind of crime usually need any kind of immediate assistance of the best criminal lawyers in their states. However, most of the criminal lawyers can explain the rights of their clients in all stages of the process of criminal case and can help them make the difference between a reduced bargain and a jail sentence. This is how so many of the best criminal lawyers in Pagan & Stroleny, P.L have been working amazingly for their clients.

Most common criminal acts:

According to the criminal laws of Fort Lauderdale, there are strict punishments for the people committing this crime. Most of the times, the criminals are given a second chance according to their history, but if the history of the criminal is full of crimes, then there is no other option than going to the jail. This is the time when they seek professional help from the best criminal lawyers. The skilled Fort Lauderdale theft crime lawyers who have helped their clients for getting the charges dismissed or reduced in the cases like:

  • Petty theft
  • Grant theft auto
  • Auto burglary
  • Appropriation of lost property
  • Embezzlement
  • Grand theft firearm
  • Identity theft
  • Receiving stolen property

Keep consequences in mind:

When any criminal is charged with any crime, the consequences can be serious most of the times. Usually, it is an excellent idea of consulting with any of the best criminal lawyer around, so that they can assess these criminals their case and advise them on how they should proceed. However, most of the times, these criminal lawyers can specialize in different matters also that can be beneficial for both of them and their case. But, before entering into a relationship with the criminal lawyers, they should know some things about their lawyers.

Getting help from best criminal lawyers:

A conviction that relates to the Fort Lauderdale crimes can be really harmful in any specific terms of gaining respect, employment or even the license of a state and other benefits because of their case. Though a number of criminal convictions can’t be erased from the past clearly, but can be forgotten for the time being. This can make it really very difficult for most of the criminals to start their lives easily with having the past criminal records.

What Does It Mean To Drive Under The Influence

DUI, or Driving under the influence is a crime that includes driving a vehicle while intoxicated with alcohol or some drugs (recreational or prescribed drugs), to a point  that lives the driver not capable of driving the vehicle safely for himself and the people in the vicinity. If you experienced that kind of situation call dui lawyer in ottawa.

Driving-under-the-Influence.jpg (640×480)

Usually people with alcohol or drug addiction have received some DUI offences. People accused of driving while intoxicated can be given a prison sentence because of the fact that they are risking their own lives and also the lives of other people, because of their incapability of driving while drunk. A person sitting in the driver’s seat of a vehicle with keys in the hand, but not actually driving while intoxicated with alcohol or drugs can also be sentenced in prison simply because of the power they have over the vehicle.

To establish if the driver is actually incapable of driving because of the intoxication with alcohol or drugs there are some tests, called sobriety tests such as the Breath Test. Another tests are standing on one leg test, walk in straight line and turn test, following some object with the eye to see the focus of the driver etc.

It is a fact that driving under the influence of alcohol or worse – drugs have a very negative effect on the health of people. We are all aware of that. But driving while drunk or intoxicated is putting at risk the life of other people that surround the intoxicated person. It is completely normal for a person to have a glass of wine after a rough day at work, but it is not recommended for those people to drive in that condition. Even one glass of wine can make serious changes in the reflexes. So instead of driving, stay in your home, resting and relaxing while enjoying your wine.

People should be aware that there are DUI charges, but there are also DUI lawyers that are criminal law attorneys who practice DUI law. These lawyers can be hired to defend or assist people accused  for driving under the influence charges, and plead some DUI cases. Some studies in Europe show us that one of the main causes of mortality in traffic accidents is caused by driving under the influence. According to these studies every 51 minutes someone dies from a DUI crush  and most of them are male drivers. In America 27 people are killed in a DUI crash every day. This means every 51 minute someone is killed while driving. That’s why it’s so important to be a reasonable driver and always think about your safety and the safety of people around you.

Drivers who have consumed and have in their system some recreational drugs like cannabis, marijuana or hashish can be charged as well. These people are incapable of driving because of the presence of intoxicated substances in their blood that are causing impaired motor skills, dizziness etc. That same thing applies also for people with prescriptional drugs such as benzodiazepines, opioids and antidepressants that are drugs who cause nausea and drowsiness as side effects.

Paying Your Criminal Defence Lawyer

First question anyone would ask to a criminal lawyer is, “How much do you charge?”Criminal defense lawyers charge in different manner and there are certain factors on which they base their fees.

3 Factors to Consider


In some places, especially urban cities and business hubs, criminal defense attorney charge high fees.

Nature and complications in case:

In general, defense lawyers charge higher fees for felonies as compared to misdemeanors for obvious reasons. Felonies require more appearances in court and may take longer to resolve.



Everyone would like to have an experienced attorney defend his case. Therefore, they charge higher fees just because they have a large list of clients. They’re experienced enough to be able to defend your case successfully. For example, if you live in Brampton, Toronto, and are searching for experts such as Brian Ross Lawyer Brampton.

The fees may differ from place to place. Any criminal defence lawyer Brampton will charge you in the range of $1500 to $2000 to defend your case, but still, it may vary because of above mentioned factors.

There are three common ways in which criminal defense lawyer can be paid:


You may be billed for hourly fees. If they charge you hourly then you can expect to pay $150 per hour. Plus, other expenses like subpoena fees, copying fees or any other expenses will also be paid by defendants.

Hourly billing is beneficial for those people whose case concluded quickly. On the other hand, any complication would mean additional time for research and preparation. If the case is easy, and requires just a phone call, criminal defense attorney sets minimum retainer fee for that.

Most experienced defense lawyer inform their clients how much time they require to conclude the case. Mostly, the case is resolved before the anticipated time informed.


Defense attorneys want their defendants to pay certain amount upfront, whether they charge hourly fees or fixed amount. Retainer is a kind of guarantee which indemnifies lawyers if the client replaces him for someone else.

A lawyer who charges hourly fees may ask you to deposit the amount for 20 hours up front. The lawyer normally sends statements showing the number of hours spent and the kind of work done. He would also inform his clients as to how much of the deposited amount has been used so far.

Before the amount finished, the lawyer informs his client to deposit more amount for certain number of hours to be able to continue his case.

Case Billing

You may be charged with a fixed amount. Most criminal defense lawyers Brampton set a fixed amount for DUI cases. In this situation, the fee remains unchanged no matter how long your lawyer works on the case.

The benefit is, you will have an idea of how much to pay your lawyer. It is the responsibility of your lawyer to spend extra time if any complication arises. On the other hand, if the case was resolved sooner than your expectations, you might think you have over-paid your lawyer. In some situations, lawyer return certain portion of their fees.

How To Achieve Success In The Real Estate Business

Sooner or later, every real estate agent finds out all the secrets of success. The thing is, to find them sooner. The more experience you gain, the more successful you become. How is that possible? Experience includes good things and bad things too. If you experience bad things you will know exactly what to do or not in the future. Wills & Estates lawyer toronto will explain you exactly what it takes to become a successful real estate agent.

Learn how to solve problems. Learning how to solve problems effectively is a great skill and you should learn how to take advantage of it. Every business comes to a point when it experiences problems due to a bad decision. Learning how to deal with it will help you improve yourself and the company overall.

House.jpg (1155×1662)

Success is much more than you think. We need to be able to learn from our accomplishments and mistakes to become better at what we do. The important thing is to keep moving forward no matter how difficult it gets. If you are brave enough and always willing to take risks, success will come faster than you think.

Success is variable. Let’s say that you achieved a success and you are very satisfied and happy. But be aware that success is not constant. It changes. That is how business works. Do not be surprised if you experience fails in the near future. But that should not be a reason for you to quid. Accept the fact that you will have ups and downs because that is part of success too.

Maybe your weaknesses are not really weaknesses. Our weaknesses actually come from our greatest strengths. What does this mean? It means that every person has some uncontrolled strengths that often turn into weaknesses.

Expand your horizons and always invest in yourself. In order to succeed, you must have a knowledge. That is a fact. You cannot expect to be successful if you don’t have any skills. If you keep relying on the knowledge you already have, it will only lead to failure. In today’s world of technology that keeps changing every day, it is impossible to succeed only with a few skills.

Have clear goals about your future. Your list of business goals will push you forward into achieving success. Successful people have a realistic list of goals on which they work every day. So being successful takes commitment and constant improvement.

Self confidence. The confidence you have in yourself is directly connected to success. If we know who we are and what we want, we won’t be afraid to take risks and move forward with our careers. But if we don’t know what we want, it will be a real challenge to find ourselves. Successful people are always confident and believe in themselves.

3 Things To Clarify With Family Law Firms Ottawa

As a normal citizen, you may not know all the laws and legal terms which prevail in your country. If you haven’t studied law then it will be difficult for you to understand all the legal procedures and find a solution for yourself. Sometimes when it is a family matter you will not want to engage too many people into it. But to get the right solutions for all your needs talking to the family lawyers in Ottawa is essential. They will not just tell you what to do but will also assist you with a short process that can help you stay away from insults.


Family issues will be those which you will hardly want to share with anyone, you will want a lawyer who is ready for private discussions. When you start with your research you will come across lawyers that will readily help you. But looking into every aspect before hiring them will be important. When you are hiring one for your needs make sure that they follow the rule of non-disclosure of the personal matters. With so many options for family law firm present, you may at times get confused. Try to find points for evaluation so that you choose the one that is best.

Expertise of the lawyer:

When you are looking around the first thing which you should check on is the expertise of the lawyer. The family law contains a lot of aspects and therefore knowing about the expertise of the lawyer will be essential.  Know their specialization and whether they can satisfy your needs or not. Do not look for those who are generalists. Hiring them will only be worth if they can understand your situation and can offer you a way put for the same.

Practical knowledge:

Experience will also count in such cases. When your marriage, family property, children or estate is involved you will want to hire a lawyer who is well versed with everything. Only when they are experienced you can be sure of a positive outcome for your case. For this, you can take a look at their website and find out the types of cases handled and the success rate too. Knowing about the success rate of the family law firm in similar cases will also get easy.


Lastly looking at the fees charged by these Family lawyers in Ottawa will be important. Most of you will not have funds to hire costly lawyers to help you in your family cases. Some will charge on an hourly basis while some may charge a particular amount for the complete case. You need to get this clarified so that you can know the amount you will have to pay at the end. Not all those who charge less will be bad, but verifying their success chart will be essential.

Before hiring, you should research all your options thoroughly. Only then you will find the right representation for your problems. You can look through the Internet or can ask for references when looking for family law lawyers.

Top Benefits Of Hiring A Criminal Defence Lawyer Toronto For Harassment Charges

Have anyone has police complained against your regarding any kind of harassment? If you are proved guilty, under the Criminal code of Canada, you will be condemned for criminal harassment charges under 264 (1). Stalking, sexual harassment, workplace harassment etc are some of the heinous offence for which the law of the Canada is very strict.

criminal.jpg (620×292)

Thus to avoid such issues, immediately call your criminal defence lawyer Toronto. Let the professional talk to the police and prepare the bail and other documents after knowing the charges and allegations against you.

Benefits of hiring the Toronto defence lawyer for harassment charges—

The attorney is an expert to defend harassment charges—

During the time of the crises when your career and reputation are at stake because of the harassment charges, only J.Hershberg Lawyer Toronto can appear to stand by you to check the situation and make sure about the charges on you. You can be appeared in the court or can be jailed if you don’t have a defense lawyer by your side.

Types of harassment and the lawyer—

Different types of harassment cases can be made. Now, depending on the charges and allegations on you, the Toronto defence lawyer of yours can help you according to the charges you have. For the sexual harassment, the lawyer has to apply separate strategy and for the workplace harassment, he/she will have to look for different sets of evidence. But whatever the attorney will do that is all for the sake of your reputation.

Preserve your reputation—

It is the responsibility of the criminal lawyers in Toronto to give their best shot in preserving your reputation. You will have to be careful and have to listen to everything as the criminal lawyer suggests you. This is not only necessary for preserving your reputation but also of your family or business. If you are a business owner, securing the reputation of the enterprise is also mandatory. Because of this charge against you, the brand reputation of your business can come at stake. Thus, follow the steps assured by the criminal defence lawyer Toronto to get the bail quickly and move out from all the charges.

Out of court settlement

If you have committed such heinous crime and there are chances to prove it, the Crown will leave no chance to prove you a guilty. That will not only be awful for your reputation but also of the family members. If you are ready to settle down the whole thing by paying an amount to the harassed person, the lawyer can intrude into to make sure that the money is paid or accepted. Often the opponent may ask for apologies. If required you can also do that to avoid being jailed and severely penalized under the charges of 264 (1).

Thus, hire a Toronto defence lawyer to get out from the entrapment of the harassment charges and feel protected. If you are innocent, you do not deserve the unnecessary pestering, you can charge the opponent with a defamation case if you consider so.

Hire Calgary Defence Lawyer When You Are Being Charged A Criminal Case

The situation when you come to know that you are being charged for a criminal offense which you have never committed is really frightening and stressful as well. It will not just ruin your life, but also the life of all those people who are dependant on you. There is only one solution available for this and that is to hire the help of a law firm. If you are not having enough time to go out and find out details of a criminal defence lawyer Calgary, then you can consult a law firm from your house. You have online law firms like Gracia law firm and they provide best services for your criminal cases.

houston-criminal-lawyer.jpg (508×308)

  • Sometimes you will be given a lawyer by the court, but that lawyer may not be able to help you as much as these private law firms can help you. You should always make sure that you are hiring a lawyer who is having enough time to go through your case.
  • The court lawyer will be handling a lot of cases per day and hence they will not be able to pay a lot of attention for your case alone. But when you are searching for a law firm, then you will be able to get a lawyer specially for your case. So, that reduces your tension to half because he will take care of your case completely.
  • The Calgary criminal law firm will help you in getting out of the case and they will also make sure that you are not arrested at all. You will be able to discuss with them personally, but that may not be possible with a court lawyer. It is very important that a criminal lawyer spend some time with you to get as much information as possible.
  • When you reach these Calgary criminal lawyers or law firms for the first time, then you will not be charged for the consultation. But you should always make sure that you are telling everything properly during the consultation and getting as much information as possible. This will help you in getting a lot of information about the case like what can happen next in your case and how it can be dealt.

Criminal lawyer is very helpful because even if you cannot get out of the case, at least they will try to reduce the punishment given to you. They will also help you in appearing in the high court for a better judgement. That will again help you in coming out of the case or at least punishment reduction. You will be given all these advices only when you have the best law firm with you when you are being charged for a criminal case. So, do not forget to check for the best lawyer in advance, if you suspect that you can be one of the suspects in the crime.