During 2019, more than 40,000 100% electric vehicles were registered in France, representing almost 2% of the total of private vehicles. With figures provided by the Ministry of the Environment, Automobile Propre takes stock of registrations by department.
For 11 years now, the number of 100% electric private vehicles has been steadily increasing. In 2019, it increased by 36.8% compared to 2018. At the same time, the market for all categories combined increased by 1.6% to more than 2.17 million vehicles, which represents the second highest value of the decade. We will present the distribution of electric vehicle registrations by department.
The increase between 2018 and 2019 was quantitatively the largest: 11,572 more electric vehicles. In ten years or so, the electric supply has gone from a few models with limited autonomy to dozens of models covering almost all categories. Currently, the majority of manufacturers include an electrical offer in their product range. The days of the niche market are slowly receding.
Paris and the Bouches-du-Rhône in the lead
In 2019, the average number of electric vehicles registered per department was 430 (compared to 311 in 2018 and 250 in 2017). The bar of 1,000 registered vehicles was exceeded in 9 departments (compared to four the previous year). We thus find in first position Paris (75) with 2564 vehicles; Bouches-du-Rhône in second position (2313 units, value more than doubled compared to 2018) and Yvelines at the bottom of the podium (1944 units).
The appearance of the Marseille department in the top podium is linked to the additional aid of € 5,000 offered by the General Council 13 and the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis since the end of 2018. Proof of the success of this measure , Bouches-du-Rhône is the only department to have doubled sales between 2018 and 2019. Île-de-France remains the leading region in terms of registered electric vehicles: more than 10,000 units.
The increase in the number of registered vehicles affected most of the French departments. However, a decline occurred in 8 departments: Vienne, Deux-Sèvres, Sarthe, Orne, Seine-et-Marne, Ardèche and Guyana, where the decline was small. However, a pronounced drop occurred in Hauts-de-Seine (- 13% and this, while the national total of the 100% electric market has increased by almost 37%). This decrease is certainly correlated with the increase in the number of plug-in hybrid vehicles observed in this department.
A variable penetration rate from one department to another
In France, for the year 2019, 100% electric vehicles represented 1.92% of the market share (against 1.45% in mainland France for 2018 and 1.20% in 2017). As in previous years, we see great disparities from one department to another.
The penetration rate of electric vehicles is highest in the following departments: Paris (4.60%); Bouches-du-Rhône (3.75%) and Alpes Maritimes (3.26%). This is the first year that we see two departments of the PACA region in the top 3 of this indicator. We note that the metropolis of Nice also offers an additional subsidy when purchasing an electric car. It is therefore interesting to note that among the three departments where the penetration rate of electric vehicles is the highest, there is additional aid in two of them. For the Métropole du Grand Paris, the subsidy mechanism has been less restrictive since October 2019. The effects of this subsidy covering approximately Paris and the three neighboring departments should be visible in 2020. Conversely, one could not imagine how the vehicle market would be. electric if there had not been the bonus / penalty system.
A market dependent on state aid
While 2020 should be another record year for electrics, two shadows still loom: the maintenance of bonuses that are not intended to be eternal and increased competition from plug-in hybrid models. Aside from the category of cars and other luxury models, the electric market in 2019 is only holding up thanks to subsidies. And that is precisely why plug-in hybrids represent such strong competition, their development accelerating almost without state aid. In addition, the plug-in hybrid is also becoming available for diesel engines and attracts many drivers who do not like gasoline engines.