On the front line for the equipment of condominiums, Enedis invites condominium managers to favor the collective connection solution to better anticipate the rise in power of electricity. Explanations with Olivier Terral, head of the co-construction and partnerships division within the Electric Mobility program of Enedis.
Buying an electric car is good, being able to charge it is even better! While electromobility is developing at high speed in rural areas, its implementation is more complicated in large cities where many potential buyers come up against the problem of collective housing. New buildings now have an obligation to be pre-wired, but the existing one must also adapt. If the right to take facilitates the individual steps of residents, the co-ownerships are invited to think collectively.
“In condominiums, from 10 places, the collective solution is to be preferred” summarizes Olivier Terral, head of the co-construction and partnerships division within the Enedis Electric Mobility program, which commits the trustees not to remain “passive” on the question of recharging.
“Residents are quite legitimate to exercise their right to the outlet individually, however, the multiplication of this type of connection would risk quickly exceeding the power subscribed in the subscription contracted by the co-ownership with the energy supplier. . To allow each resident to install their charging station under the same conditions of equity and access cost, the co-ownership must anticipate the subject collectively “. One way to prepare for the rise of electricity. “If we look at the short or medium term, within 10 years we will have 20% of electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle users. This means that out of 100 places, 20 will need a hook-up. This requires anticipating the need for power and terminals, but also to imagine an infrastructure that is scalable “, details our interviewee.
To best respond to requests, Enedis has trained its teams. “You just have to call the connection reception or send an email to be contacted by Enedis agents specially trained to support co-workers (note: contacts on Enedis.fr). There is usually a technical visit that must be made to identify the configuration of the car park, the power requirements, the capacity of the building and the possibilities of equipment. It is then up to the condominium to complete the costing of the electrical connection by installing charging stations by contacting an operator or an electrical installer “.
Three great solutions
“All work in co-ownership requires a course that is somewhat similar to the course of events … but there are still solutions” reassures Olivier Terral, who lists three major business models put forward by the Enedis teams.
The first, simple (and inexpensive), is to delegate the investment to an operator. The latter then becomes the owner of the infrastructure which it operates on behalf of residents. “We must then take into account an important point” adds our interlocutor “each resident who wishes to install a terminal must imperatively go through the operator and the joint ownership will become dependent on the prices and conditions applied”.
If it chooses to remain the owner, the condominium has the option of financing and having its own connection installed. In this case, a main meter is installed to supply all the terminals. “A subscription contract is taken out for all users. The costs are shared and it is up to the installer chosen by the co-ownership to carry out individual sub-metering. Then there is a re-invoicing based on actual consumption ”, explains Olivier Terral.
The third and final solution is to extend the public electricity distribution network inside the building. “In this case, the property reverts to the public domain. Each owner can then request a connection to connect his terminal ”, summarizes our interlocutor. Here, each resident has his own meter and remains completely independent.
To support these connection works, condominiums can claim 50% aid from the Advenir program. The remainder then amounts to around € 100 / co-owner.
Brakes to be lifted
While it may prove to be more beneficial in the long term, building a collective infrastructure takes longer than resorting to the right to take individually. “With a collective infrastructure, we are subject to the calendar of annual GAs. Then it takes 3 to 6 months to deploy the infrastructure, “said the representative of Enedis.
The other brake is the cost! Even with an investment reduced to $ 100 per resident after deducting assistance from the Advenir program, some homeowners will remain reluctant to finance equipment they will not use. “As part of the economic recovery plan, discussions are underway to mobilize a fund that would be supplied by financial organizations, in particular the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignation. This would make it possible to finance the remainder payable by the condominiums, ”explains our interviewee. “This fund would be reimbursed from connection fees for each co-owner who would install charging stations. This would offload the investment on future users who would pay an additional fee to help repay that initial investment, ”he said.
20,000 condominiums equipped by 2025
“What we are seeing today is an acceleration of condominiums on this type of approach, because there is an awareness that the electric vehicle has become almost inevitable in the short or medium term”, emphasizes Olivier Terral . “The simple fact of having an infrastructure in the parking lot also gives value to the property, especially if you live in a metropolis where a Low Emission Zone (ZFE) is being set up. In Paris, many General Assemblies are currently voting on the establishment of collective infrastructure. The co-ops realize that if they do nothing, the car parks will soon no longer be adapted to the mobility of tomorrow ”
“If we are to believe the figures communicated by ADVENIR, there are today in France a few thousand condominiums equipped with a collective infrastructure” adds our interlocutor who quantifies the installation potential. “We established a scenario based on the penetration rate of electric vehicles. Today, when we talk to car manufacturers, we see that 44% of French households who buy an electric car live in a single-family house and only 10% in a condominium. We therefore have an under-representation. Anticipating a balancing of this ratio, we are expecting approximately 20,000 equipped condominiums to be equipped by 2025. “
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Article produced in partnership with Enedis. Learn more