Unveiled on Monday, October 12, the “Objective 100,000 terminals” program introduces a series of unprecedented measures to electrify the automotive market.
Targeting one million vehicles in circulation by the end of the five-year term, the government wants to give electricity a new boost. “We are going to play on two levers: to facilitate the acquisition of an electric vehicle, and to facilitate its use” indicated the Minister of Ecological Transition Barbara Pompili during a press conference organized this Monday, October 12 in Paris.
Expanded aid for charging stations
Ambitioning to deploy 100,000 charging points open to the public in France by the end of 2021, the government has announced the strengthening of ADVIR, a funding program dedicated to charging stations launched in 2016. Led by Avere France and financed through energy saving certificates (CEE), this enables up to 60% of the cost of terminals open to the public to be covered. Hitherto limited to € 2,000, aid can now go up to € 9,000 in the case of a charging station with a power greater than 50 kW. Grid connection costs will also be covered up to 75% until December 31, 2021.
For fast charging, the government is mobilizing an envelope of 100 million euros to speed up deployments on the national road network. “This is to support charging stations made up of at least 4, 6 or 8 charging points of 150 kW”, details the ministry’s press release. Recently interviewed by Le Parisien, the Minister of Transport, Jean-Baptiste Djebbari, mentioned a target of 500 charging stations deployed along the main roads.
Beyond direct aid, the government also intends to play on other levers. In order to encourage fuel distributors to equip themselves, the finance bill for 2021 plans to integrate green electricity distributed by charging stations into the objectives of incorporating renewable energies at service stations.
Without providing details, the government finally specifies that specific aid will be allocated for the retrofitting of existing terminals. “The objective is to upgrade part of the network installed several years ago, by making them interoperable in particular,” underlines the ministry’s statement.
A reduced bonus but extended to used electric cars
In terms of acquisition aid, the government will lower the amount of the bonus from January 1, 2021. For an individual, the maximum aid for the purchase of an electric car will drop from € 7,000 to € 6,000. and that of a plug-in hybrid car from 2000 to 1000 €. The only exception: the overseas departments which will benefit from an additional bonus of € 1,000. Interesting point: the government is already planning for 2022, announcing a further reduction in the scale of € 1,000 by this time.
For electric cars and used utility vehicles, an unprecedented premium will be created. Set at € 1,000 and accessible to everyone, it may be supplemented by the conversion bonus in the event of the scrapping of an old petrol or diesel vehicle.
As for the conversion bonus, the scale will remain identical to that introduced in August. The only difference: the exclusion of vehicles classified Crit’Air 2, ie all diesel vehicles.
Other measures under study
In connection with the proposals of the Citizen’s Climate Convention formulated last June, the government is also studying other measures. Among these is a micro-credit system with state guarantee intended to support the poorest households. “The mechanism is being studied with a view to putting it in place in early 2021,” the government said.
The government is also discussing the evolution of taxation on insurance contracts for electric vehicles, a new tax scale for mileage allowances taking into account CO2 emissions or the implementation of LLD solutions dedicated to communities. A set of provisions that will be detailed over the coming months.
If the implementation of this new battery of measures for charging stations is good news, it is doubtful that the government will achieve the 100,000 public charging points promised for the end of 2021.
According to the latest Avere barometer, France had nearly 30,000 charging points open to the public in July. Managing to open 70,000 charging points in 18 months is more than a daring gamble. Between the identification of land, the selection of suppliers and the launch of public contracts, the deployment of a charging network is not a snap. Above all, it must result from a real work of reflection to better define the uses. The idea is not only to deploy charging stations but to install them in the right place and with the right technical configuration.