INVESTIGATION – This program to install a public grid seems ambitious. Even with the boundless optimism of market players.
Will France be able to have 100,000 charging stations in the public domain by the end of 2021? More precisely, will it be able, in barely a year, to triple its current fleet, which currently has barely 29,000 units? The task is daunting, especially as the number of electric vehicles is growing faster than the number of fueling stations. With the strengthening of state aid to support the recovery plan for the automotive sector (ecological bonus, conversion bonus or retrofit of an old thermal car), many French people have taken the plunge for a rechargeable battery car. Containment or not, despite the health crisis, registrations have jumped: 70,538 units sold since early 2020, or + 132% compared to 2019. But if the ambitions are there, driving a 100% electric vehicle today is not Not that easy. Between poorly maintained or even out of service charging stations, low power (half of the network dates from before 2017) and large “gaps” in the network of certain regions, long journeys can become anxiety-provoking. At the antipodes of the claimed zenitude of a “zero emission” vehicle. Moreover, Clément Le Roy, expert with large companies and communities from the Wavestone consulting firm, tells us: “The inability to fill up with electricity while roaming is the main obstacle to the development of the electric car as the first vehicle in the world. hearth. This often limits it to use near the home, while the latest 100% electric have much better autonomy. A relevant network of the territory is therefore essential. ” For the moment, there are ten times more private charging points (over 300,000) than those accessible to the public, on the road (46%), car parks (34%) or shops (20%). “It’s more problematic in condominiums. If 25% of motorists park in the street, those who have to charge their car are even more numerous in proportion. We must therefore facilitate the right to take established since 2014 ”, tells us François Gatineau, mobility expert at Mobileese, a consulting firm that supports condominiums. Indeed, 90% of recharges are done at home or at the workplace, while only 10% are done in the public domain or while roaming (5% on motorways and national roads). Low-carbon mobility cannot develop without a solid network of service stations well distributed across the country. And this acceleration of deployment requires a set of measures.
Infographic Le Figaro Infographic Le figaro
A sharp increase in aid
Created in 2016, and managed by the Avere-France association, the Advenir program, which aims to promote electric mobility in France, was extended until December 2023 and reinforced, on October 12, by a new envelope of 100 million euros to equip cities (roads, public car parks, private car parks for shops and businesses, condominiums), and the entire territory. In addition, the recovery plan will also finance recharging parks (hubs) of 4, 6 or 8 charging points of 150 kW, allowing the rapid deployment of 500 stations on major roads, highways and national roads.
This financial assistance has seen its amounts and ceilings raised: 50% or 60% of the installation costs depending on the power of the charging station, i.e. assistance ranging from 2,100 euros to 9,000 euros excluding tax, against 1,000 to 1,860 euros before. “With an unprecedented bonus of up to 9,000 euros now granted to our high-tech 50 kW Troniq terminal manufactured in Bordeaux, this is a good boost for rapid public direct current charging”, says Corinne Frasson, France director of EVBox (a subsidiary of Engie), the Franco-Dutch world leader in charging infrastructure (115,000 stations worldwide).
In order to be eligible for the new Advenir 2 subsidies, the terminals covered by applications submitted since November 2 will nevertheless have to meet the new specifications: a MID (Measurement Instrument Directive) certified meter allowing precise measurement of the electricity consumed. . “The imposition of the MID meter responds to a real issue of electric mobility: billing the kWh as accurately as possible”, continues Corinne Frasson. While this functionality is important for the individual, it is also for the company which, thanks to the reliable measurement of consumption, can, for example, reimburse the employee for a charging session at home with his company car. “We absolutely have to encourage businesses to invest in charging points. They must even be able to resell their surplus electricity. For me, this is the major change. A giant leap for a business model 2.0, ”she concludes.
The new Advenir criterion also obliges energy management. This requires a connected and intelligent charging station (remote programming, choice of days, off-peak or peak hours …) to optimize energy and … financial consumption. In fact, to achieve the “target of 100,000 terminals”, the quality of service of the roaming network must be exemplary. This inexorably involves a retrofit, or technical upgrade, of a large part of the old terminals installed, in particular by making them interoperable. The entire ecosystem therefore has work to do by the end of 2021.
Degressive aid rate
Since November 2, 2020, in order to encourage businesses and communities to install a terminal in their car parks as soon as possible, declining aid rates have been implemented.
For an Advenir file submitted before December 31, 2020, private “fleet” car parks will be able to benefit from 40% aid, limited to 960 euros excluding tax per charging point. But, if this ceiling remains constant until 2023, the rate drops to 30% in 2021, then 20% in 2022 and 2023. As for private parking open to the public, the rates of 50% or 60% fall to 20% from 2022, and the ceiling per load point is no longer than 1,860 euros excluding tax, instead of 2,100 to 9,000 euros excluding tax.
Individuals have not been forgotten either. Financial aid exists for the owner of a main residence in the form of a tax credit of 300 euros, maintained until 2023. As for condominiums, the buildings are eligible for 50% Advenir aid for the installation of a building. ‘an individual or collective infrastructure.
Even if there is still some way to go to install the 70,000 missing terminals by the end of 2021, investments from the State, local authorities and the private sector will a priori be there in order not only to support a booming electric market but also meet the daily needs of homeless people who run on all electric.
“The goal to reach is inspiring. It really makes you want to take action, ”enthuses Corinne Frasson of EVBox-France. Also motivated, Alexandre Borgoltz, the boss of DBT, a French manufacturer specializing in fast charging stations, is just as optimistic: “After the confinement period has passed, we have been able to catch up this summer. We have planned a strong acceleration of the installations in early 2021 and will be able to increase production capacity by two, if not five, thanks to the upcoming expansion of our building. “
Now is the time to step up because if the trend is confirmed, the French car fleet could count nearly 1 million rechargeable battery vehicles by the end of 2022.